The Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. Cities must adapt to climate change and mitigate future impacts by reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). In 2021, the Philippines government announced its climate targets in the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, committing to 75% reductions in GHG emissions from a business as usual scenario by 2030, and LGUs are key to quality implementation. LGUs can improve climate resilience and reduce GHG (and other air pollutant) emissions by implementing renewable energy (RE) and Energy Efficiency (EE) initiatives within their jurisdiction area. LGUs can influence RE and EE local initiatives directly through their owned infrastructure or indirectly through their services, procurement, regulatory functions, community leadership, and community demand aggregation.
This Contract aims to develop a compendium of good practices and practical guidance that LGUs can use to implement EE and small RE initiatives. The reference book focused on small RE to power LGU's energy consumption and energy efficiency on LGU's owned infrastructure, and help LGUs to select appropriate projects and identify best practices. Some projects required further analysis in the form of business cases or feasibility studies, and the compendium included references to resources that can help LGUs advance this ensuing work. The recommendations complemented (and not replace or duplicate) existing policies and regulations. All small RE and EE Projects are implemented according to already existing policies and regulations such as RA 11285 (Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act), RA 9513 (Renewable Energy Law), and the Government Energy Management Program (GEMP). The development of the reference book is in coordination with the DOE EUMB (Energy Utilization Management Bureau) and REMB (Renewable Energy Management Bureau).
Potential benefits from LGUs’ RE and EE initiative are significant and included reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) and other harmful emissions, reduction in energy costs across buildings, transportation, lighting, wastewater plants and drinking water systems and other LGU-owned infrastructure. Energy covers all types of energy including RE resources, heating and cooling fuels, and transport fuels. Energy is a significant capital and operating expense for LGUs, securing energy supply and reducing energy costs for LGU’s community, increased climate resilience and security of energy and infrastructure, increasing energy access and reliability, increasing economic activity and job creation, and increasing local taxes such as real property taxes (RPT), special education fund (SEF), business tax, and other fees. The three planning and implementation stages for small RE and EE initiatives are consisiting of Stage 1: Determine LGU’s goals, Stage 2: Identify small RE/EE opportunities: Map LGU’s sphere of influence on small RE/EE; Review key small RE and EE technologies and applications; Identify small RE/EE opportunities under the direct control of the LGU; Prepare best-in-class local and international case studies for identified opportunities, and Stage 3: Procure, partner, and finance the project: Assess and recommend procurement modes and options; Assess and recommend financing options.
The services we provided are focused on determining LGU’s main goals, determining and mapping the spheres of LGU’s influence in RE and EE as well as likely/common scope of opportunities, such as energy savings, costs, payback period, and responsible agencies, among other key indicators, review of key small RE and EE technologies and applications,identifying small RE and EE opportunities in LGUs for activities under the direct control of the LGU, preparing best in class and representative LGU case studies for key identified opportunities, and analyzing and recommending procurement modes as well as recommending financing options.